Sanctuary of the Soul is published by the Formatio line of InterVarsity Press which is dedicated to producing books promoting spiritual formation and mysticism. The Sanctuary of the Soul adds virtually nothing to Foster’s previous works all the way back to his Celebration of Discipline written in 1978. He still draws from the same sources of Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Quaker mystics: Teresa of Avila (pp. 29, 38, 78-79, 152), St. John of the Cross (p. 81), Thomas Kelly (p. 33), Agnes Sanford (pp. 43, 121, 141), Francis de Sales (p. 38), George Fox (p. 34, 54), Henry Nouwen (pp. 42-43), St. Benedict (p. 46, 90), Thomas Merton (pp. 61, 131, 135), Evelyn Underhill (pp. 62, 105), Mother Teresa (pp. 66, 134), Kierkegaard (pp. 66, 144), Madame Guyon (pp. 73-75), and St. Francis (p. 135).
It is from these “masters of the spiritual life” (p. 36) that Foster draws the spiritual disciplines that he promotes including: visualization (p. 36), icons (pp. 40-42), lectio divina (pp. 46-47), centering down (p. 54), and reciting of the Jesus Prayer (p. 132). Additionally, concerning spiritual warfare, Foster recommends the writing of Agnes Sanford and John Wimber. Foster concludes Sanctuary of the Soul by recommending twelve books to aid in our spiritual journey. Of those twelve, ten are from confirmed mystics and the other two draw partially from the mystics. It is no secret where Foster wants to take his readers.
But it is the discipline of meditation, better known as contemplative prayer, that is the heart of this volume. “It is meditative prayer that ushers us into divine-human fellowship,” Foster believes (p. 17, see also pp. 27-28). Meditative prayer, however, is not prayer as defined and demonstrated in Scripture in which the believer communicates with God, “It is the listening side” (p. 125). Contemplative is not cognitive, rational prayer. Rather it supersedes the senses; it is wholly mystical (p. 38). Lectio divina, or sacred reading of Scripture, applies the same approach to the Bible. Quoting Madame Guyon, “We are not reading the Scripture to gain some understanding but to ‘turn your mind from outward things to the deep parts of your being. You are not there to learn or to read, but…to experience the presence of your Lord’” (pp. 73-74).
This goal of meditative prayer is to hear the voice of Jesus not audibly (at least not as a norm), but “an inward whisper, a deep speaking into the heart, an interior knowing” (p. 13). Foster assures us that many characters in the Bible had this experience including Moses and Elijah (p. 18). What Foster and all promoters of mysticism fail to notice is that when biblical characters heard from God or angels they heard an audible voice, not an “inward whisper.” For that reason rarely does anyone in the biblical accounts ever question that he was hearing from God. Not so the mystic who must “learn to hear the voice of God” (p. 18). Foster assures us that in time we will be able to distinguish the voice of God from all others, including Satan’s and our own. One way to determine this is to remember, “Satan pushes and condemns, God draws and encourages. You can tell the difference” (p. 130). Of course this is a gross over-generalization for we know that it is the Holy Spirit who convicts us of sin and judgment (John 16:8).
The basic steps of meditative prayer are recollection, beholding, and listening (pp. 62-88). Here Foster is following the three-fold road of mysticism, normally termed “purgation, illumination, and union.” Foster defines these as follows:
Again it is vital to note that Foster is not developing his theology of prayer from scriptural texts but from his own personal experiences and from those he admires. This is highly dangerous and subjective ground and is a far cry from the sure and certain Word of God. – Gary Gilley, www.ChristianBookPreviews.com
"At the very heart of God is the passionate disposition to be in loving fellowship with you. . . . From the human side of this equation it is meditative prayer that ushers us into this divine-human fellowship."
Richard Foster, bestselling author and founder of Renovaré, writes these words as one who has experienced what they describe. And in this new book he will beautifully guide you in this transformational way, that you might come to know deeper fellowship with God.
Weaving together quotes and stories from the lives of mothers and fathers of the faith as well as powerful encounters with God from his own life, Foster describes the riches of quieting your mind and heart in order to listen to and obey God more closely. Along the way, at perhaps his clearest, most practical best, he also provides the biblical teaching and step-by-step help you need to begin this prayer practice for yourself.
The journey into meditative prayer is not easy, but it is essential. And, as Foster shows, it's possible, even in the midst of the noisy, often chaotic world we live in. Your soul can become a sanctuary where you fellowship with the very God of the universe, who knows you and loves you deeply. These pages point the way.